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17 Key ALANA Facts to Drive Minnesota Policy Decisions Plus Solutions

Bruce P. Corrie, PhD,  Economist, Concordia University for Chai.News

These facts are compiled from articles in the December issue of DEEDS, Economic Trends publication and from recent articles in Chai.News.

Economic Trends:

  1. There are a million ALANA people in Minnesota or 19 percent of the population (Susan Brower, p 5).
  2. There are 386,000 ALANA workers in Minnesota in 2014 or 14.2 percent of the labor force (Dave Senf, p 8).
  3. During 1995-2014, while white workers increased by 20 percent, Latino workers increased by 161 percent, Asian workers by 135 percent, Black workers by 131 percent, American Indian workers by 54 percent, and multiracial workers by 127 percent (Dave Senf, p 8).
  4. While ALANA workers grew in number during the time period 1995-2014, the growth in wage income was less than the growth in employment (Dave Senf, p 8).
  5. Greater Minnesota communities with the largest ALANA worker presence were Mahnmohen, Nobles, Wantowan and Cass counties (Cameron Macht, p 14).
  6. ALANA workers in Greater Minnesota rose from 35,000 to 88,000 in 2014 – a 149 percent increase(Cameron Macht, p 14).
  7. 3 person of jobs in Greater Minnesota filled by ALANA workers (Blacks 1.8%, American Indian 1.4 %, Asian 1.5 %, Latino (3.3 %), Multiracial (1 %). (Cameron Macht, p 14).
  8. Given the assumption of steady participation rates by older Minnesotans there will be only an average increase in Minnesota’s workforce of around 600 per year for the next 15 years or about 7 new workers per county (Steve Hine, p 3)
  9. Even after correcting for age of completion, education level, major and graduation period, there is still evidence of race and gender-related differences in earnings (Alessia Leibert, p 32).
  10. Two years after graduation wage disparities within the same major are very pronounced between white and ALANA workers, especially in construction or engineering (Alessia Leibert, p 34).
  11. There are racial differences in degree completion with blacks completing later than other groups, thereby reducing their long term earning period (Alessia Leibert, p 36).
  12. After graduation, racial minorities are more likely to work in lower-wage industries unrelated to their degree. This is particularly true for blacks (Alessia Leibert, p 36).
  13. For those who graduate after age 30, minorities especially blacks tend to have lower incomes before completing school putting pressure on their academic success and how selective they can be in their job search after graduation (Alessia Leibert, p 36).
  14. Whites had a higher share of high wage jobs relative to their share of total jobs. The opposite was the case for ALANA workers with large percentage of the population in low wage jobs (Dave Senf, p 13).


  1. While the rate of growth of ALANA firms (number, sales, jobs, payroll) is higher than other firms, they share of total sales has consistently been at around 1 percent of total sales over the period 2007-12 indicating stunted growth (Bruce Corrie , Minnesota Business Magazine, February, 2016, Rachel Vilsak, 2015).
  2. The utilization of minority businesses has consistently hovered around 1 percent of total state contract dollars over the past two decades (Bruce Corrie, 2016, forthcoming in Chai.News).
  3. Economic Assets of the ALANA communities suffered major declines during the period 2007-13 as measured by income, home ownership and home equity. (Bruce Corrie, 2015)
  4. Some policy ideas to grow ALANA Economic Assets. Economic Trends, December 20155